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Botanical Name Local Name Striking Feature
Anant Gardenia jasminoides
Gardenias are beautiful, shrubby evergreen houseplants well loved for their creamy, fragrant blooms.

Ankol Alangium salviifolium
Its scientific name Alangium has been derived from its Malayalam name Alangi. Almost all the parts (root, bark, leaves, seeds and fruits) are known to have important therapeutic uses.

Baobab Adansonia digitata
Native to the African continent, came to India through the trading routes and Jesuit missionaries. Called Tree of Life as it uses the trunk to store water and can live for hundreds of years.

Bridal Bouquet Plumeria pudica
The unique leaves with the shape of a cobra head makes this shrub distinctive from other Frangipani. The flowers bloom in clusters giving it the unique common name.

Champa/ Frangipani Plumeria rubra
It is called the Temple tree. Even when uprooted, it continues to bloom, thus giving the impression of immortality.

Chikoo Manilkara zapota
Known as Sapodilla. The latex generated called chicle was traditionally used in chewing gums.

Christmas Tree Araucaria columnaris
Species of Conifer tree. A cherished tradition of love, light, and joy celebrated worldwide during Christmas.

Coconut Cocos nucifera
It is the state tree of Kerala. It is a type of palm tree that can grow up to 30 meters tall and can produce coconut for up to 50-60 years.

Copperpod Peltophorum pterocarpum
Commonly known as yellow flame tree, native to the Indian sub continent. It flowers profusely twice a year, laying out carpets of golden fragrant flowers on the ground.

Coral Jasmine Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
It produces beautiful, fragrant and sweet scented flowers that bloom profusely at night and wilt in the morning creating a captivating floral spectacle.

Custard Apple Annona squamosa
The tree produces a unique knobby fruit also known as the sugar-apple, which is a delicious blend of flavors reminiscent of pineapple, banana and strawberry.

Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Called the Miracle Tree as every part of the Moringa tree is beneficial for humans and animals. A resilient tree which can survive in harsh conditions of limited water and poor soil quality.

English Tamarind Pithecellobium dulce
Native to tropical America, introduced to India many years ago by Spanish galleons. The tree produces edible fruit pods that are red and white when ripe and taste sweet and sour.

Fern Tree Filicium decipiens
The fronds of the Fern Tree coil up tightly when they are young and gradually unfurl as they grow.This tree is also known for its ability to remove pollutants from the air and improving air quality.

Golden Champa Magnolia champaca
The flowers are highly valued for their aromatic properties and are used in the production of perfumes. Believed to have a calming effect on the mind and body, often used in aromatherapy for relaxation and stress relief.

Guava Psidium guajava
Considered a superfruit because it is packed with essential nutrients. Guavas are rich in vitamin C, fiber and antioxidants, making them a healthy choice for boosting the immune system.

Gulmohar Delonix regia
Popular for its flamboyant display of orange-red flowers over summer. The flower has claw-shaped elongated petals. One of the five petals in each flower is different from the rest.

Indian Almond Terminalia catappa
The seeds of Indian Badam have an air pocket inside them, which allows them to float on water. This unique characteristic makes the seed to be carried away by water currents to germinate in different areas.

Indian Laburnum Cassia fistula
The tree produces long, drooping clusters of yellow gold flowers that hang gracefully from its branches. These vibrant yellow flowers are often referred to as 'golden showers'.

Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus
The tree produces the largest fruit of any tree in the world. The wood of the jackfruit tree is durable and termite-resistant, making it suitable for construction and furniture-making.

Jamun Syzygium cumini
The purple fruit and seeds are sweet, acrid, sour, tonic and cooling. It is used in traditional medicines to treat diabetes, diarrhoea and ringworm.

Kadamba Neolamarckia cadamba
This tree is considered as divine tree and known for its sacred and cultural symbol in Hindu mythology. The tree produces large, fleshy and fragrant flowers that open at night. The fruit has many medicinal properties.

Kanchan Bauhinia variegata
The leaves are bilobed, meaning they have two lobes that are connected at the base, resembling butterfly wings or Camel foot. The flowers are reminiscent of showy orchids in shades of lavender.

Karanj Pongamia pinnata
The seeds contain an oil that has been traditionally used for making soap, candles and even as a biofuel. The oil has been traditionally used for the treatment of Rheumatism.

Kokam Garcinia indica
Kokam is indigenous to the Western Ghat region of India. The tangy and refreshing citrus fruit is a popular ingredient in traditional cuisine and has pharmaceutical / industrial usage.

Love Apple Syzygium samarangense
It is also known as the wax apple or rose apple or water apple. The bell shaped edible fruit resembles an apple but has a waxy texture and a mildly sweet flavor. The fruit contains 70% water.

Mango Mangifera indica
National fruit and king of fruits in India. Delicious both raw and ripe. Delightful and refreshing treat during hot summer days. The Portuguese created the grafted varieties in India like Alphonso.

Mast Tree Polyalthia longifolia var. pendula
It is characterised by its weeping branches, which give it a graceful and cascading appearance. The fruits are like round beads, turning from green to purple as they ripen. They are relished by bats.

Neem Azadirachta indica
It is known as the 'Village pharmacy' in India because all parts of the tree have medicinal properties and have been used in traditional medicine.

Palmyra Palm Borassus flabellifer
The chief product of the palmyra is the sweet sap (toddy). Palmyra palm is a native of tropical Africa but cultivated and naturalized throughout India.

Peacock Flower Caesalpinia pulcherrima
The flowers are typically orange or red in color and shaped like a peacock's tail. It can withstand long periods of limited water availability and are not eaten by cattle, hence grown along roads.

Peepal Ficus religiosa
It is also called 'The scared fig tree'. The Peepal tree can last for several hundred years. It has the ability to regenerate and grow new shoots even after being damaged or cut down.

Queen's Flower Lagerstroemia speciosa
State flower of Maharashtra. This tropical flowering tree is one of the most outstanding summer bloomers creating a breathtaking sight that attracts pollinators and enchants onlookers.

Rain Tree Samanea saman
Large handsome tree with umbrella like canopy of evergreen, feathery foliage and puffs of pink flowers. The leaves fold during the night, cloudy weather or when it rains.

Ratan Gunj Adenanthera pavonina
This tree is found in the wild and has many medical uses. The pods of the tree are long and slender, containing red, bead-like seeds.

Royal Palm Roystonea regia
Royal Palm is an aristocratic palm with its majestic and towering height. It is the national tree of Cuba. The Royal Palm is a prominent and impressive addition to any landscape.

Spotted Gliricidia Gliricidia sepium
The tree has earned the local name 'Gobbarada gidda' which means 'Compost tree', as its leaves make excellent green manure. The leaves are fed to livestock and poultry to increase productivity.

Suruchi Casuarina equisetifolia
This tree creates a unique and melodious whistling sound when the wind blows through its needle-like leaves, adding a musical touch to the surrounding environment. Hence, the name Whistling Pine.

Weeping Fig Ficus benjamina
The tree has evergreen, graceful and drooping branches, which give it a weeping or cascading appearance. This feature make it a popular choice for ornamental purposes, both indoors and outdoors.

  1. Trees of Dadar Parsi Colony - A GreenLine Initiative
  2. The Trees of Mumbai - Almeida Marselin and Chaturvedi Naresh, BNHS
  3. Trees of Delhi, A Field Guide - Pradip Krishen
  4. Jungle Trees of Central India, A Field Guide for Tree Spotters - Pradip Krishen
  5. www.flowersofindia.net
  6. www.apjtb.org (Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine)
  7. Indian Biodiversity Portal