Common Name Ratan Gunj, Red Bead Tree
Botanical Name Adenanthera pavonina
Local Name
Native/Non Native Native
Origin India & Southeast Asia
Location at Holy Family Church In front of the Church next to old school building

(These photographs are authentic captures from the Holy Family Church campus, portraying the scenic splendour of the place.)

This fairly large tree is found in the wild in India, and is also globally distributed in Bangladesh, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Island, Pakistan, Philippines, etc.

It has feather-like compound leaves; each leaf bearing alternately arranged oval leaflets. The very tiny, star-shaped yellow flowers grow in racemes. The flowering is usually seen in the months of March-May.

The fruits are curved, hanging green pods that turn brown, coil up and split open as they ripen to shed red, bead like seeds.

These seeds have been used as beads in jewellery and rosaries. They were also once used by Arabian jewellers as units of weight, as all of them have identical weights. Children love collecting the brightly coloured seeds usually littered under the tree.

It is a timber tree, the wood is extremely hard and used in boat-building and making furniture.

The tree has notable uses in traditional medicine such as Ayurveda, Folk medicine, Siddha, traditional Chinese medicine.

The scientific name has the prefix adeno meaning 'gland'. It was coined to describe the stalked glands on the anthers of the flower.

IMPORTANT: The information on this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference books. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment. Readers should always consult their physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

--- Click here for information about other trees on Holy Family Church campus ---